Thyroid Surgery in Little Rock, AR
Thyroid surgery is performed to treat different forms of ailments or problems by removing all or part of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a tiny gland that is located on the neck front just below the voice box and looks like a butterfly in shape. The thyroid is part of the endocrine system and produces hormones that are transported to every body tissue by the blood. The primary function that the body is known for is to regulate the metabolism in the body.
The reason why the thyroid surgery is performed is to treat thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, and hyperthyroidism. Thyroid surgery may also be performed to treat pregnant women who cannot tolerate the use of antithyroid medications. Thyroid cancer or tumors presence are one of the common reasons for the performance of thyroid surgery. Most of the thyroid nodules are benign, and they can be pre-cancerous or cancerous and sometimes can grow large and cause obstruction in the throat hence the need to perform thyroid surgery.
Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, is the overproduction of the hormones in thyroid, the presence of the nodules can be the reason for the overproduction of thyroid hormones by stimulating them. Another reason for the hormones overproduction is inflammation of the antibodies when the body misidentifies the thyroid glands as foreign bodies hence the need of thyroid surgery to remove the excess thyroid glands.
The common procedure for the thyroid surgery involves cutting a section of your neck which is about 2- or 4- inch just above the thyroid gland. The surgeon can then decide to remove part or all the thyroid glands through the cut. The surgeon will then use the catheter (tiny surgical tube) to drain the blood or other bodily fluids that might build up, and this action might take between one or two days. The stitches (sutures) are then used to close the cuts.
After the surgery and before going home, you should be able to swallow the liquid before the doctors allow you to go home. It will take about three or four weeks to recover from the surgery. You will experience some souring for several days; you might be allowed to take medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. You might also develop hypothyroidism and the physician will prescribe some medications such as levothyroxine to balance your hormones.
Parathyroid surgery is performed to remove parathyroid glands when the body is producing excess calcium. Parathyroid glands are four individual small pieces that are round and are used to regulate the calcium levels in the blood. The parathyroid hormone (PTH) is released to extract the calcium from the bones when the body has low levels of calcium. The reason for the parathyroid surgery is conducted when the calcium levels are abnormally high. Other reasons include the presence of adenomas which are tumors in the form of benign and on rare occasions can turn into cancer. Another reason is the existence of cancerous tumors on the glands.
After the parathyroid surgery, the neck might be swollen, and the bandage will be removed after one or two days. There will be a tiny plastic drain that will be used to drain the fluid. The patient will experience some form of bumpiness, tingling, numbness or hardness as well. Sutures (stitches) will be removed after seven days, and the patient will also be required to carry out a follow-up visit.
For excellent thyroid and parathyroid surgery in Little Rock, there are qualified and professional surgeons who will conduct these types of surgeries in the most proficient way possible.