Baptist Health Medical Center Campus
Surgical Clinic of Central Arkansas
Hickingbotham Outpatient Center
9500 Kanis Road, Suite 501
Little Rock, AR 72205
General Surgery requires knowledge of many different diseases that can effect most organs or body systems. The surgeon has special experience and knowledge related to diagnosis, preoperative, operative, and postoperative management.
Dr. Turner performs a wide variety of procedures including:
Colon Surgery in Little Rock, AR
Colon Surgery in Little Rock, Arkansas
The colon is a complex organ that mainly consists of the large intestine. Its overall function is to help process food and drinks, while passing waste through to the rectal area and anus for evacuation. The colon also consists of the small intestines, which are situated right above the large ones. In order to maintain proper motion each day – the intestines must be fully hydrated – allowing the right spasms to pass food and waste through. However, there are many problems that can occur with the colon for patients of all ages. This includes intestinal blockages, scar tissue (from previous surgeries), gastroenteritis, cancer, and diverticular disease.
The latter revolves around small infected pockets in the intestines – where stool can get trapped. This condition is very painful and requires a colonoscopy by a GI physician or medical doctor. Colonoscopies are designed to remove any pre-cancerous lesions, polyps, and other obstacles that are hindering overall colon performance. However, surgery may be required for more intricate and extensive cases. With years of extensive medical experience, Little Rock doctors have the tools and expertise to tackle gastrointestinal cancer and other related issues. They also specialize in endoscopy procedure, which looks for problems in the stomach or upper GI series. Problems usually found include Helicobacter Pylori, which is a bacterium in the stomach stemming from feces. Traditional medications can eradicate these bacteria, along with restoring proper gut flora – which is essential for normal digestion to occur.
Colon Surgery in Little Rock
A colon surgeon specializes in a range of corrective procedures. This includes detangling the intestines, along with removing scar tissue from touching the intestines. The latter results in extensive abdominal pain, along with bile that cannot be passed through for breaking down food and beverage particles. Surgical procedures help restore proper colon functions, while removing any pre or existing cancer. Obstacles and blockage are removed as well, as well as any suspicious polyps or unusual growths and tumors. These surgeries usually take place after all previous treatments have been exhausted. This includes medications, colonoscopy, endoscopy, and other techniques. Again, your GI will determine if your issue requires surgery. This is based on contrast scans, x-rays, imaging, and response to traditional medicines and services.
Other Colon Related Problems
The colon can also be affected by peptic ulcers. In fact, H-Pylori infections are usually the precursors to ulcers. Similarly, divoticulitis are pockets in the intestines that have not been infected as of yet. If not treated in a timely manner, this medical aliment can result in diverticultis –which can be truly painful and excruciating. As always, chronic diarrhea, constipation, or Crohn’s Disease are also gastrointestinal issues that require immediate medical attention. While there are no official cures for these disorders, treatments options are always available. This includes flushing the intestines with medicines to remove any harmful toxins and bacteria. In worse case scenarios, however, surgery may be needed to correct any extensive issues and restore proper colon functionality and performance.
Remember, 70% of the immune system is based in the stomach. As a result, any anxiety or stress can result in poor colonic performance and improper spasms. The only way to remedy these issues is by visiting your local Little Rock GI or physician today.
Gallbladder Surgery in Little Rock, AR
When you get a gallbladder condition such as a gallstone attack or gallbladder cancer, usually a gallbladder surgery is the best option for treating the condition. Either way, when it comes to decision making about the surgery, you as the patient may want to have a say, or you may simply want to follow your doctor’s recommendation. These are some of the factors that come with gallbladder surgery.
What are the symptoms of a gallbladder problem?
The most common symptoms among all types of gallbladder problems are nausea and vomiting. But, only chronic gallbladder diseases may cause digestive problems like gas, acid reflux, nausea, and vomiting. Unexplained fever or chills may signal that you have an infection.
When do I need gallbladder surgery?
Some of the factors that may make you or your doctor consider gallbladder surgery if you have gallstones is:
• When the condition causes pain and inflammation.
• When the condition causes jaundice (the yellowing of the skin and the whites of your eyes).
• When the conditions cause blockage of the duct from your pancreas and causing pancreatitis.
What happens during surgery?
Types of gallbladder surgery
• Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery
This is a method of choice provide the patient meets all the criteria. The gallbladder is removed through small puncture holes in the abdomen. This is called key surgery and is the most commonly used.
• Open gallbladder surgery
The gallbladder is then removed through one large cut in the abdomen. You can have this type of surgery if you have another condition, are pregnant or have any other complications.
What are the risks of gallbladder surgery?
Laparoscopic gallbladder surgery risks are generally low but most serious risks include infection, bleeding, injury to the common bile duct and injury to the small intestine usually by tools used in surgery. Risks from open gallbladder surgery include injury to the common bile duct, bleeding, infection, injuries to the intestines, liver, or major blood vessels in the belly, blood clots and pneumonia related to the longer recovery period.
Both types of surgery have the risks of general anesthesia.
How should you prepare for gallbladder surgery?
• Plan for a hospital stay; this can be because of complications that may occur before, during or after the surgery, therefore, avoid going home immediately after the procedure.
Immediately before the surgery, you should prepare in the following ways;
• Drink a solution to clean the intestines.
• Do not eat the night before the surgery.
• Stop taking certain supplements and medication as advised by the doctor.
What happens after the surgery?
After the surgery, recovery usually varies depending on your procedure.
• Laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Patients are often strong enough to go home the same day though sometimes a night stay at the hospital may be needed. In general, you can go home the moment you are able to eat and drink without pain and can be able to walk unaided.
• Open cholecystectomy patients are expected to spend a couple of days in the hospital recovering. Once at home, another four to six weeks of recovery is expected.
If you are living in Little Rock, Arkansas and have a gall bladder condition that may or may not require surgery, there are numerous doctors that you can search online and be sure to check their reviews before deciding on which one to go for.
Thyroid Surgery in Little Rock, AR
Thyroid surgery is performed to treat different forms of ailments or problems by removing all or part of the thyroid gland. The thyroid is a tiny gland that is located on the neck front just below the voice box and looks like a butterfly in shape. The thyroid is part of the endocrine system and produces hormones that are transported to every body tissue by the blood. The primary function that the body is known for is to regulate the metabolism in the body.
The reason why the thyroid surgery is performed is to treat thyroid cancer, thyroid nodules, and hyperthyroidism. Thyroid surgery may also be performed to treat pregnant women who cannot tolerate the use of antithyroid medications. Thyroid cancer or tumors presence are one of the common reasons for the performance of thyroid surgery. Most of the thyroid nodules are benign, and they can be pre-cancerous or cancerous and sometimes can grow large and cause obstruction in the throat hence the need to perform thyroid surgery.
Hyperthyroidism, on the other hand, is the overproduction of the hormones in thyroid, the presence of the nodules can be the reason for the overproduction of thyroid hormones by stimulating them. Another reason for the hormones overproduction is inflammation of the antibodies when the body misidentifies the thyroid glands as foreign bodies hence the need of thyroid surgery to remove the excess thyroid glands.
The common procedure for the thyroid surgery involves cutting a section of your neck which is about 2- or 4- inch just above the thyroid gland. The surgeon can then decide to remove part or all the thyroid glands through the cut. The surgeon will then use the catheter (tiny surgical tube) to drain the blood or other bodily fluids that might build up, and this action might take between one or two days. The stitches (sutures) are then used to close the cuts.
After the surgery and before going home, you should be able to swallow the liquid before the doctors allow you to go home. It will take about three or four weeks to recover from the surgery. You will experience some souring for several days; you might be allowed to take medications such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen. You might also develop hypothyroidism and the physician will prescribe some medications such as levothyroxine to balance your hormones.
Parathyroid surgery is performed to remove parathyroid glands when the body is producing excess calcium. Parathyroid glands are four individual small pieces that are round and are used to regulate the calcium levels in the blood. The parathyroid hormone (PTH) is released to extract the calcium from the bones when the body has low levels of calcium. The reason for the parathyroid surgery is conducted when the calcium levels are abnormally high. Other reasons include the presence of adenomas which are tumors in the form of benign and on rare occasions can turn into cancer. Another reason is the existence of cancerous tumors on the glands.
After the parathyroid surgery, the neck might be swollen, and the bandage will be removed after one or two days. There will be a tiny plastic drain that will be used to drain the fluid. The patient will experience some form of bumpiness, tingling, numbness or hardness as well. Sutures (stitches) will be removed after seven days, and the patient will also be required to carry out a follow-up visit.
For excellent thyroid and parathyroid surgery in Little Rock, there are qualified and professional surgeons who will conduct these types of surgeries in the most proficient way possible.
Breast Surgery in Little Rock, AR
After a breast problem is diagnosed especially breast cancer, finding the best treatment center can make a huge difference. Fortunately, if you are living in Little Rock, Arkansas, and you are having breast-related problems, there are numerous doctors from the area who have the expertise in breast treatments that include surgery for both benign and malignant diseases of the breast; all you have to do is choose the right one.
The following are some of the breast surgery treatment options that can be treated in Little Rock, Arkansas;
Lumpectomy (Partial or segmental mastectomy)
This is the surgical removal of a breast lump and some of the normal tissues that surround it, usually when cancer is present but has not spread. Technically, a lumpectomy is a partial mastectomy since part of the breast tissue is removed, but the part removed usually vary greatly. For example, quadrantectomy means the removal of roughly a quarter of your breast. When you find the right surgeon, make sure you get a clear understanding from the surgeon about how much of the breast may be removed during surgery and what kind of scar you will have afterward.
This is the total removal of the breast. It is a way of treating breast cancer and its often done when a lumpectomy surgery is not an option. It can also be done if a breast cancer patient chooses it over lumpectomy for personal reasons. Patients with a high risk of getting a second cancer in future sometimes have both their breasts removed (double mastectomy). There are types of mastectomies that can be performed all you have to do is discuss with your surgeon which is the right one for you.
This is where one or more groups of lymph nodes are removed surgically and its almost always done as part of the surgical management of cancer. If the breast cancer is spreading, it often goes first to the nearby lymph nodes. A good doctor will have to know whether the cancer has spread to your lymph nodes to help him/her find the best way to treat your cancer. This is because when the cancer is found to have spread to the lymph nodes, chances are it has also spread to other parts of the body; therefore, treatment decisions often depend on this.
The lymph node removal can be done in various ways, and this will depend on various factors such as how big the breast tumor is or whether any lymph nodes are enlarged.
Other than hosting many benign and malignant tumors, the breast is also a metastatic site for tumors from lung cancer, leukemia, and melanoma. However, these occurrences are rare but must always be considered in any patient with a patient who presents with a breast lump and has a known history of primary malignant tumor. Melanoma in the breast could be primary in the breast skin and breast tissue, metastasis in the breast, or even in-transit metastases to breast skin and tissue.
When melanoma metastasis to the breast occurs, careful triple assessment as well as multidisciplinary decision-making is important in the development of the management plan.
Breast surgery time usually varies depending on the complexity of your breast condition. The admission process and the preparation for surgery vary from place to place. The amount of time spent inside the recovery room, waking up and getting to the point where the patient is ready to go home, all will vary from woman to woman.
If you are from Little Rock, Arkansas and have been diagnosed with a breast condition that requires surgery, you can browse through the various doctors online and consider the reviews from their previous patients. Choosing the right cancer treatment can change your entire life, and there are many doctors in Little Rock, Arkansas to make that journey for you easier.
A hernia happens whenever an internal body part presses into a location that it should not. Though hernias can happen anywhere, mostly they occur in the abdominal area. When this happens, the lining of the abdomen ruptures, and a part of the soft tissue underneath– normally the intestinal tract– will protrude through.
This can either be triggered by regular wear and tear and physical stress (an acquired hernia), or by a weakness that has been there since birth (a congenital hernia). Either way, the hernia can get bigger and more uncomfortable gradually and also when performing strenuous exercise.
Frequently, the hernia will be obvious. You might discover a bulge, discomfort, or swelling in the abdomen, or feel pain when lifting something, bending, or coughing. Discomfort can vary from sharp and abrupt to a dull pain, and will normally happen at the end of the day or after periods of prolonged standing. Sometimes, however, the hernia does not show any signs, and will only be discovered by your medical professional during a typical examination.
If the hernia is not very big and you are not in pain, your physician may want to wait and monitor it closely before deciding on a treatment. If your hernia is getting larger and/or painful, it must be treated quickly in order to avoid complications.
Surgery can be done in a variety of ways. The hernia can be fixed using a mesh that is surgically placed on the tear and supported by the surrounding tissue. Furthermore, a mesh plug can be used to fill the hole that has formed in the abdomen. Another device utilizes a mesh on both sides (front and back) of the stomach wall, supported in the center by a mesh bridge that rests inside the hole in the abdomen. This surgical treatment can be done utilizing laparoscopic surgery which enables your surgeon to fix your hernia without opening up your abdomen, which is more invasive and requires more time to recover and causes more scarring.
Dr. April Turner is a Board Certified General Surgeon practicing in Little Rock, Arkansas. She received her undergraduate degree at the University of Arkansas, a Master’s degree at UAMS, graduated from Kansas City University of Medicine, and did her residency at UAMS in Little Rock.
After completing her residency, she spent three years as a general surgeon in the Army. During those three years, she did two tours of duty in Afghanistan where she helped heal our wounded soldiers.
After her stint in the Army, Dr. Turner decided to come back and put her skills to work in Little Rock where she was born and raised.